Roofing Glossary


Asphalt: A popular roofing material made from a mixture of bitumen and mineral aggregate. It is commonly used for flat roofs due to its durability and waterproofing properties.

Bargeboard: A decorative board that is installed at the gable end of a roof to conceal the exposed ends of the roof timbers.

Battens: Wooden strips that are fixed to the roof deck to provide a nailing surface for roof tiles or slates.

Bitumen: A viscous and sticky substance used in the production of asphalt and felt roofing materials.

Bonnet tiles: A type of roofing tile with a curved shape, often used on hipped roofs to cover the junction between two roof slopes.

Box gutter: A wide and shallow gutter that is integrated into the roof structure to collect and redirect rainwater.

Breathable membrane: A synthetic roofing underlayment that allows moisture vapor to escape while providing a waterproof barrier.

Bullnose tiles: Roofing tiles with a rounded edge, commonly used to finish the exposed edges of a roof.

Capping: The process of installing protective coverings or tiles over the ridges and hips of a roof for added weatherproofing.

Chimney repairs: Services for repairing and restoring chimneys to ensure they remain structurally sound and function properly.

Chimney stack: A vertical structure on a roof that houses the chimney flue and provides ventilation for the fireplace or heating system.

Clay tiles: Roofing tiles made from natural clay that are known for their durability and aesthetic appeal.

Commercial roofing: Roofing services tailored for commercial properties, including installation, repair, and maintenance of commercial roofs.

Counter batten: Wooden battens that are installed on top of the main battens to create an air gap beneath the roofing material for ventilation.

Dormer window: A window that projects vertically from a sloping roof, creating additional headroom and natural light in an attic or loft space.

Downpipe: A vertical pipe that carries rainwater from the roof gutter to the ground or drainage system.

Eaves: The lower edge of a roof that overhangs the wall of a building, providing protection from the elements.

Fascia: A horizontal board that runs along the edge of the roof to support the guttering and provide a finished look to the roofline.

Felt: A roofing material made from bitumen-saturated paper or fiberglass, commonly used as an underlayment for asphalt shingles or flat roofs.

Finial: An ornamental feature placed at the peak of a roof, often in the form of a decorative spire or cresting.

Flashing: Metal strips or sheets installed at roof junctions and penetrations to prevent water leakage and provide weatherproofing.

Flat roof repairs: Specialized services for repairing flat roofs to prevent leaks, improve drainage, and extend the lifespan of the roofing system.

Gable: The triangular portion of a wall between the edges of a dual-pitched roof, typically found at the end of a house.

Guttering: A system of channels and pipes installed along the edge of a roof to collect and redirect rainwater away from the building.

Hipped roof: A roof with sloping sides and ends, where all sides slope downwards to the walls, typically seen on bungalows and cottages.

Joists: Horizontal beams that support the roof deck and provide structural support for the roof covering.

Leadwork: The installation of lead sheets or flashing to provide waterproofing around roof junctions, chimneys, and valleys.

Loft insulation: Installation of insulation materials in the loft space to improve energy efficiency, reduce heat loss, and enhance comfort in the home.

Mansard roof: A roof with two slopes on each of the four sides, where the lower slope is steeper than the upper slope, creating additional living space in the attic.

Mortar: A mixture of sand, cement, and water used to bond and seal roof tiles, ridge tiles, and other masonry elements.

Parapet: A low protective wall or railing along the edge of a roof or balcony, providing safety and aesthetic appeal.

Rafter: A sloping beam that supports the roof deck and transfers the weight of the roof to the load-bearing walls.

Residential roofing: Roofing services designed for residential properties, including roof installations, repairs, replacements, and maintenance for homeowners.

Ridge tiles: Roofing tiles that are installed along the apex of a roof to cover the joint where two roof slopes meet.

Roofing company: A professional roofing company that offers a range of roofing services, including installations, repairs, replacements, and maintenance.

Roofing contractors: Licensed and experienced professionals who specialize in providing roofing services for residential and commercial properties.

Roofing installations: Professional installation services for new roofs, ensuring high-quality workmanship and long-lasting performance.

Roofing materials: Information about the various types of roofing materials available, their properties, benefits, and suitability for different roofing projects.

Roofing repairs: Repair services for addressing leaks, damage, and other issues with residential and commercial roofs to maintain their integrity and functionality.

Roofing replacement: Complete replacement of an existing roof with a new roofing system, tailored to the specific needs and requirements of the property.

Roofing services: Comprehensive range of roofing services, including inspections, repairs, installations, replacements, and maintenance for residential and commercial properties.

Roofing solutions: Customized roofing solutions tailored to address specific issues, improve energy efficiency, enhance curb appeal, and increase property value.

Roofing workmanship: Skilled and experienced craftsmanship in the installation, repair, and maintenance of roofing systems to ensure quality and durability.

Sarking: A layer of boards or panels installed beneath the roof covering to provide additional insulation and weather protection.

Slate: A natural stone material that is commonly used for roofing tiles due to its durability, longevity, and aesthetic appeal.
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